The Government of the Republic of Uganda recognizes malnutrition and stunting as a serious public health challenge. It is estimated that 54% of the working population in Uganda is stunted due to early childhood malnutrition (COHA, 2013).

According to the UDHS 2011, the common nutrition problems in the children (6 – 59 months) and women of reproductive age (15 – 49 years) include stunting (33%), underweight (12.1%), and wasting (4.7%). Micronutrient deficiencies in children under five years include vitamin A (38%) and 35% among women of the reproductive age (15 – 49 years) while for iron deficiency

anemia (50.9 %) among the children under five years and 23.8% among the women of

reproductive age.

The impact of chronic malnutrition (stunting) on child cognitive capacity, physical and mental development, with irreversible long term effect on health and child mortality, is well documented in the 2008 Lancet Series.

Accordingly, the Lancet Series recommended maximum investment in nutrition enhancing interventions in the first 1000 days for maximum returns. It should be noted that 10% of Uganda’s population (3,493,545 people) are children under age of 2 years..

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