This year’s The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report has found that world hunger is still not going down after three years and obesity is still growing.
The report was launched by five UN agencies (World Health Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, World Food Programme, UN Children’s Fund, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) at a special event during the High-level Political Forum at UN Headquarters in New York.
An estimated 820 million people did not have enough to eat in 2018, up from 811 million in the previous year, which is the third year of increase in a row. This underscores the immense challenge of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030, says a new edition of the annual The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report released on 15th July 2019.
The pace of progress in halving the number of children who are stunted and in reducing the number of babies born with low birth weight is too slow, which also puts the SDG 2 nutrition targets further out of reach, according to the report.
At the same time, adding to these challenges, overweight and obesity continue to increase in all regions, particularly among school-age children and adults. The chances of being food insecure are higher for women than men in every continent, with the largest gap in Latin America.
The report estimates that over 2 billion people, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, do not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. But irregular access is also a challenge for high-income countries, including 8 percent of the population in Northern America and Europe.
This calls for a profound transformation of food systems to provide sustainably-produced healthy diets for a growing world population.
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019: 2019 World Report